Livestock Population Of The Somali Region, As Estimated

 

Livestock    Shinile     Jigjiga     Fik           Degehabur  Warder   Korahe        Gode       Afder       Liben         Total

Cattle          228,000   439,000      252,000   287,000      274000       168,000      402,000   985,000   711,000     3,746,000

Sheep          913,000   1,316,000   560,000   538,000      1,372,000   1,150,000  1,004,000 1,231,000  969,000   9,053,000

Goats          776,000   548,000      672,000   574,000      1,960,000   719,000      636,000   788,000   1,874,000  8,547,000

Donkey       46,000     42,000        18,000     11,000        5,000          6,000          8,000       14,000     63,000       213,000

Camel         72,000     29,000        74,000     57,000        480,000      275,000      14,000     77,000     954,000     2,032,000

 

Livestock Population Of The Somali Region, Per Zone

 

Zone            Cattle             Sheep          Goats         Camel          Total           %

Shinile            228,000        913,00           776,000       72,000        1,989,000     9%

Jijiga              439,000        1,316,000     548,000       29,000        2,332,000     10%

Fik                  252,000        560,000         672,000       74,000        1,558,000     7%

Dhagahbur      287,000        538,000         574,000       57,000        1,456,000     6%

Warder            274,000        1,372,000     1,960,000   480,000      4,086,000     17%

Korrahe           168,000        1,150,000     719,000       275,000      2,312,000     10%

Gode             402,000        1,004,000     636,000       14,000         2,056,000     9%

Afder            985,000        1,231,000      788,000      77,000         3,081,000     13%

Liban             711,000        969,000         1,874,000    954,000      4,508,000     19%

        Total        3,746,000     9,053,000      8,547,000           2,032,000  23,378,000   100%

Forest Resources

The Somali Region is endowed with natural resources including bio-diversity, which is rich in species of plants and animals which Of the entire flora in Ethiopia, 25% are represented in the region, 18% of these are endemic to the region, and 135 plant families, 626 genera and species of plants are recorded in the region.  There are also numerous of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians that are adapted to the arid and semi-arid conditions of the region.

The natural vegetation has a large variety of Acacia,  Boswellia and Chomiphera species. The vegetation is also favourable habitat for a variety of wild animals including hyena, leopard, fox, hunting dog, crocodile, Oryx, zebra, baboon, giraffe ostrich, hippopotamus, monkey and a variety of birds, Giraffe, lion, elephant, leopard, generic, dibatag speckes gazelle, gravy zebra etc. Medicinal plants, gum, incense and myrrh producing plants are abundant.

The main climax vegetation classes in the region are:-

-      Acacia - bussel open woodland,

-        Accacia - commiphora bushland,

-        Ever-green/semi-ever-green scrubland,

-        Semi-desert Acacia bussel scrab land, and

-        Riparian forests.

Presently the forest resources of the region are used as fodder for livestock, source of bio-fuels, construction materials, traditional medicines and source of natural gum, incense and myrrh.

Therefore, in order to make better use of the forest resource of the region the private investors are encouraged to involve and participate in the sector.

Livestock Marketing and Fish Resource

Livestock Marketing

  • In order to promote livestock trade in the region, the regional state establishment and maintenance of organized livestock markets and slaughter facilities and collection of levies on these services as well as regulations, which pertain to livestock movement and mode of their transportation.

Fish Resource

  • Fishery is almost forgotten sub-sector in the region although rivers like Wabi Shebelle, Weyib and Dawa have huge fish potential.